Teamwork is the key to successful construction projects. Everyone on and off the job site is responsible for specific tasks that make the entire project flow smoothly.
From suppliers and designers to electrical engineers and inspectors, each person contributes to the whole. As a construction manager, it’s your job to make connections and hold everyone accountable.
Knowing construction project management team roles and responsibilities is essential for successful project management. This way, you know how one piece of the puzzle affects everyone else – and the project as a whole.
Learn more about creating a functional, effective working environment where projects run smoothly, and everyone feels confident in their role supporting the project.
All Hands on Deck for Construction Project Management
Construction projects are complex endeavors that require various professionals to work together efficiently to bring a vision to life. Today, we’ll take an in-depth look at the key construction project team roles and their respective responsibilities. With this information, you should have a firm grasp on how to navigate the intricacies of each role.
Owners and Clients
This role is the project initiator and typically defines the project scope, objectives, and budget. They are responsible for providing project funding, setting project goals, and approving major project decisions. Essentially, this is your client, and they often communicate with the construction manager about their vision and objectives.
Architects and Designers
Let’s dive into the three legs of the stool that make up the AEC industry (architects, engineers, and constructors).
Architects and designers are responsible for creating the project’s design and plans, which ensure everything aligns with the client’s vision and complies with local building codes. They are also responsible for coordinating with other design professionals and preparing construction documents.
With specialized expertise in various fields, these individuals deal with civil, structural, mechanical, and electrical engineering. They are responsible for designing systems and structures that meet safety standards and project specifications. Engineers collaborate with architects to integrate technical aspects into the design.
Construction Manager (CM)
Construction managers work closely with project owners to ensure the success of each project. They are responsible for delivering on key project constraints, including time, budget, quality, and safety. At the end of the day, a Construction Manager’s responsibility is to support the owner and bring the project to completion.
The CM serves as the owner’s eyes and ears by providing oversight and reporting progress to the owner. CMs are qualified to work with key AEC partners to support these critical aspects of each project:
- Determining the most efficient sequence of construction activities.
- Creating a detailed schedule and budget.
- Implementing safety and security measures for the project.
- Assisting the owner in risk management.
Professional CMs must understand and follow industry-standard methodologies to effectively manage projects, satisfy the project requirements, and bring projects to completion.
General Contractor (GCs)
General contractors are responsible for coordinating with subcontractors, managing operations at the construction site, and ensuring the day-to-day construction activities are performed correctly by subcontractors.
GCs ensure the overall project adheres to the specifications, schedule, and budget, and they address any on-site issues promptly.
Usually reporting to the general contractor, subcontractors are specialists in specific trades like plumbing, electrical, concrete, HVAC, or various other areas. Their responsibilities include performing their respective scope of work, coordinating with the general contractor, and ensuring the quality and timeliness of their work.
A key aspect of project management is task analysis, which involves thoroughly examining the activities and responsibilities associated with managing construction projects. Historically, task analysis studies have relied on feedback from entry-level and experienced project managers.
This analysis typically centers on project planning, resource allocation, cost management, record-keeping, and quality control. Additionally, task analysis may involve risk assessment and contingency planning to address potential challenges or delays. A systematic approach ensures that project managers can effectively oversee key aspects of the construction process.
Third-party vendors play a critical role in providing the materials and equipment resources to get the job done. The procurement team typically works with suppliers to access the physical resources needed to build and construct. Without the cooperation of suppliers, projects would not be able to continue.
Quality Control Inspector
QC inspectors are responsible for ensuring that work meets the project’s quality standards. They inspect materials and workmanship, document deficiencies, and work with the team to make necessary corrections.
Safety officers are key to a successful project because they focus on maintaining a safe work environment. They develop and enforce safety protocols, conduct safety training, and perform regular site inspections to identify and mitigate potential hazards.
This role is responsible for preparing accurate cost estimates for the project, which includes labor, materials, equipment, and overhead. They assist in budgeting and in making informed financial decisions.
Schedulers develop and maintain the project schedule. They work closely with the construction manager to plan and track project milestones, ensuring work is completed on time and within the planned sequence.
Surveyors provide precise measurements and data to establish property boundaries, elevations, and site conditions. They play a crucial role in site preparation and construction layout. They live by the motto to measure twice and cut once.
In today’s environmentally-conscious workplace, environment consultants are a must. These individuals assess the potential environmental impact of the project and help develop strategies to minimize or mitigate these impacts. They also ensure compliance with applicable environmental regulations that impact the job site.
Permitting specialists navigate the complex world of local and state permits and approvals. They ensure that all necessary permits are obtained before construction begins and that the project complies with local regulations. The bigger the project, the more permits it will need, so having a good permitting specialist is key to successful completion.
If legal questions arise, a lawyer can help alleviate delays and get things back on track. Even if things stay on track, it’s always best to have someone well-versed in legal matters ready to answer questions and clarify legal risks associated with construction plans.
These specialists provide legal advice on contracts, disputes, and liability issues. They help draft and review contracts, manage risks, and represent the client’s interests in legal matters that arise before, during, or after the project.
Putting It All Together at the Construction Site
In the construction world, effective project management is crucial, and understanding the roles and responsibilities of each team member is fundamental to that success. Having a firm backing and extensive knowledge of your entire construction team is crucial to press through challenging weeks or months on the path to completion.
Remember, each role is staffed by another human being working hard to fulfill their commitments to the project. Construction managers must navigate a complex web of professionals, each contributing their unique expertise to projects.
By recognizing the importance of clear communication, collaboration, and a well-structured project team, you can ensure the successful completion of projects while remaining effective, ethical, and professional.
How Does AIC Support Constructors?
The American Institute of Constructors (AIC) is committed to fostering a sense of community among the different positions that make up the construction space. Being aware of each person’s role within the larger scheme of things creates a better understanding of the entire industry and contributes toward a more inclusive, effective arena for people to thrive and grow professionally.
AIC is built around the idea that every part of the construction industry and every member of the team deserves to be elevated in their professional standing. Architects and engineers have well-recognized professional qualifications and leverage different certifications to gain respect among their clients and colleagues.
Meanwhile, construction professionals play an equally important part in the AEC equation. Someone who is certified as a Certified Associate Constructor (CAC) or a Certified Professional Constructor (CPC) has distinguished themselves from their peers. They are well-equipped to function in a project management role to collaborate with a Construction Manager, General Contractor, Subcontractor, Supplier, or other role to ensure successful project delivery.
For 50+ years, we’ve accelerated constructor excellence with our professional certification programs. We’ve also established a network of experienced professionals committed to helping new generations of constructors deal with today’s issues while focusing on ethics, safety, and community.
Grow Your Understanding of Construction Project Management Team Roles and Responsibilities
The role of a construction project manager is multi-faceted and highly valued. Would you like to learn more about how to support construction project management team roles and responsibilities? Are you interested in professional certification to increase your standing in the industry? Get involved with AIC.
You have access to numerous opportunities to progress in your career and become an essential contributor to the industry:
- Become an AIC member to gain access to advice, knowledge, and support.
- Sit for the CAC Level I certification exam.
- Receive mentorship from professionals who have been in your position.
Regardless of your involvement, you can make a difference in the construction industry. Let us know how we can support you, your company, or your projects. We are here to help you advance your capabilities.